Nylon Fiber, Mechanical Damage
This is a sample nylon with mechanical damage and broomed terminations on both ends. Mechanical stress is also
shown in the distortion of the fiber and the node-like structures running across the fiber.
Transmitted Off-Crossed Circular Polarized Light
Nylon fiber is a polyamide fiber. It is formed by the careful combination of a diamine and a dicarboxylic acid or by a ring-
opening polymerization. It is formed into a fiber by extruding the heated polymer through a spinneret. This results in the
The fiber taking the cross-section of the spinneret. Nylon fiber can be round or any other desirable extruded shape.
Significance in the Environment:
This is a common clothing fiber.
Nylon fiber has a refractive index along its length of about 1.57 to 1.59 and perpendicular to its length of about 1.51
to 1.53. It has a birefringence of about 0.06 and a positive sign of elongation. It tends to exhibit a smooth, regular
surface along its length depending on its cross-section of the fiber. Extreme shapes, such as the trilobate Type 1775, can
result in an irregular appearance along the length as the fiber twists or bends.
Gorski, Azriel and Walter C. McCrone, "Birefringence of fibers", THE MICROSCOPE, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 3-16
DuPont Company Techinical Bulletin X-156: IDENTIFICATION OF FIBERS IN TEXTILE MATERIALS, December 1961.