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Photographic gallery.  Thousands of particles under the microscope.

Human Dander

Human tends to be more equant, polyhedaral, and with low or no birefringence. The birefringence is due to stress and will not be unidirectional or the same over the cell or cells that make up the particle. They are flat flakes, often with no birefringence and tend to have sharper angles with straighter edges. It is often the single most common particle in a home environment. It is typically one of the top three particles in an office environment.

Human Skin Flakes Human Skin Flakes Human and Dog Dander Human Skin Flakes and Clothing Fiber Human Skin Flakes Human Skin Flakes Human Skin Flakes

Dog Dander

Dog Dander is a common particle in many indoor environments. It can be easily identified by its elongated shape and birefringence, which is higher than human or cat dander. It can be more common in the house dust of a dog owner than human dander in the home. In offices and classrooms it is one of the "track-in" particles that come in on the clothing of a dog owner. It is occationally quite high in a sample, which generally indicates a service dog is present. The most common look-alike is fine sawdust.

Dog Dander with Human Skin Flakes Dog Dander Dog Dander

Cat Dander

Cat dander tends to be more triangular and elongated in shape than human dander and with rounded corners. The apex of the particle is the smallest angle tends to have the highest birefringence. Cat dander is less common in a cat owners household than dog dander in the home of a dog owner. It is also less common in office environments, though it is frequently present at low levels. More people tend to be allergic to cat dander than to dog dander so it can be an issue even at low levels.

Cat Dander Cat Dander

Bird Dander

Bird dander tends to be crescent or "C" shaped. Its birefringence is similar to dog dander, around 0.01.

Bird Dander